Syria again in the sights of the u.s

Following the fatal attack on former Prime Minister Hariri, opposition prere in Lebanon to withdraw Syrian troops is growing; it remains unknown who the perpetrators are

Since the Iraq war, Syria has been at the top of the Bush administration’s blacklist, even though the country has not yet been included in the "Outposts of tyranny" how Iran was paid. But so far little could be done to the Syrian socialist republic. The U.S. economic sanctions of May 2004 (U.S. President Bush imposes sanctions on Syria) were more symbolic in nature, and UN Security Council Resolution 1559, which was adopted by the U.N. in May 2004, was not.a. the departure "of all foreign troops" from Lebanon and the "Disarming all militias" Despite diplomatic talks and negotiations, the agreement remains only a piece of paper. Now it seems that the car bomb that killed ex-premier Rafik Hariri has accelerated events.

Syria again in the usa's sights

Lebanese security forces suspect perpetrators with excellent explosives skills behind devastating attack. Image: Hackensberger

Barely a day after the detonation of the 400-kilogram bomb in the center of Beirut, Richard Boucher, the spokesman for the U.S. Department of State, announced in Washington that the American ambassador had been ordered back from Syria for questioning. The USA were "uber horror" about the assassination of Rafik Hariri. But what should not be forgotten, "that Syria should be blamed for the deaths". The attack only showed, Richard Boucher continued, that Syria’s military presence does not provide security and is therefore unnecessary.

Scott McClellan, the spokesman for the White House, also said that it was too early to make up one’s mind about Hariri’s murder, "but Lebanon must be free from the occupation of Syria and autonomous in all political decisions". And Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice warned that the death of the former Lebanese prime minister has led to a further deterioration of diplomatic relations with Syria, which supports terrorism Although Syrian President Bashar Assad distanced himself from the attack shortly after it occurred and spoke of a "heinous criminal act" he now sits in the dock, whether he likes it or not.

The opposition alliance in Lebanon against the government of President Emile Lahoud behaved much like U.S. officials in Washington. Without even the slightest evidence in their hands, they made "the Lebanese government and the power behind it, the Syrian government, responsible for the crime". In Saida, Rafik Hariri’s hometown, riots broke out on Tuesday during spontaneous mourning demonstrations. Tires were rounded, streets blocked and Syrian guest workers attacked. About one million Syrians live in Lebanon and work as cheap laborers. They are seen by the general public as one of the main causes of the country’s economic misery, as they steal jobs from the Lebanese. Hariri’s funeral was attended by hundreds of thousands of people in Beirut who blame Syria for the attack.

The opposition alliance of politicians from all denominations and parties is now calling for a newly formed transitional government to run the country until parliamentary elections are held in May. The assassination serves as proof that there are "no security" in Lebanon. Druse Walid Jumblatt, the prominent opposition leader ("Lebanon could become a new clone of the other authoritarian Arab regimes"), called the assassination of Rafik Hariri, with whom he had been friends for many years, "a crime against humanity" and pleads for a "international force to protect a Lebanese population that does not feel safe in a Syrian-Lebanese police state".

The dust is rising, with much pathos after a day when the unthinkable happened. Rafik Hariri, one of the richest men in the world, whose name is associated like no other with the reconstruction of post-war Lebanon, who was regarded as the untouchable, the untouchable, was killed with a gigantic car bomb. Last year in October, Marwan Hamade, Walid Jumblatt’s ex-economy minister and loyal associate, escaped a car bomb with serious injuries. The natural question is, who will be next??

Hamade still had luck. But last Monday, as Rafik Hariri’s motorcade roared past the luxury Phoenicia Hotel and headed toward the Corniche, the assassins had played it safe. With 400 kilograms of explosives – according to the Lebanese security authorities it was a suicide attack – there was no escape. The blast wave destroyed all windows and displays within a radius of one kilometer.

syria again in the usa's sights

Lebanon’s opposition benefits from Hariri attack

There is no way back for the Lebanese opposition. The government of President Emile Lahoud is still not recognized. The ex-general was only able to extend his term for another six years via an interception orchestrated by Syria (link to article Interception). Opposition politicians also back implementation of UN Resolution 1559, unanimously calling for withdrawal of all Syrian troops yesterday rather than today. However, there could be differences of opinion about the disarmament of all militias in Lebanon. The Christian parties were certainly in favor of an unconditional disarmament of Hezbollah, as well as of the Palestinians in the refugee camps. For Druze and Muslim politicians, on the other hand, only a step-by-step solution would be possible under certain conditions.

The opposition is even more on the rise than before due to the death of Rafik Hariri. The attack is being used as a frontal assault on the "Marionettenkabinett". The support of auben is roughly. French President Jacques Chirac arrived from Paris for the funeral of his friend Rafik Hariri and pledged his support to opposition politicians. Kofi Annan, the UN Secretary-General, is making a strong personal commitment to the implementation of UN Resolution 1559. He sent Terje Roed-Larsen as an envoy to Damascus and Beirut to talk and negotiate with all parties on the ground. After that, a solution must be found with the initiators of the UN resolution, France and the USA.

A few days ago, Roed-Larsens was able to report positive news during his final visit to French President Jacques Chirac in Paris. Syria declared itself ready in principle to withdraw all troops from Lebanon. The prerequisite for this, however, is the implementation of all other UN resolutions concerning the Palestine-Israel conflict. Something the French president and the UN are less comfortable with, but a first step toward negotiations. With such complex and sensitive ies, the diplomatic process always takes time. According to Roed-Larsen, the disarmament of Hezbollah and the Palestinians in the camps will take much longer than planned. However, decisions on such matters are made together with the USA, which is not a friend of protracted diplomacy. In any case, France will be closely monitoring Lebanon’s parliamentary elections in May. Until then, Syria should heed the warning Roed-Larsen delivered a few days ago when he visited President Bashar Assad in Damascus: "Any attempt to harm opposition politicians in Lebanon will result in their irrevocable expulsion from the international community".

The perpetrators are still unknown

There is no evidence so far of Syrian or Lebanese government involvement in the assassination of Rafik Hariri. However, if one follows the behavior of the U.S. and the Lebanese opposition, there is absolutely no doubt who detonated the bomb on Monday that killed the Lebanese ex-Prime Minister and 13 other people and injured over 130 others, some of them seriously. From the Israeli government sees the perpetrators in the service of Syria, but also names Hezbollah or Islamists. So far, however, there is only one confession video from an unknown group called An-Nosra wal Jihad fi Bilad al-Sham (Victory and Jihad in Rough Syria). It says that Hariri was killed in a suicide bombing because of his relations with the Saudi regime. This would suggest that al-Qaida terrorism, which has spread to Saudi Arabia through the Iraq war, has now reached Lebanon. However, on the Internet, a group that considers itself al-Qaeda has denied the claim and blames Mossad or sees Lebanese or Syrian interests behind it. He said he supported the fighting in Palestine or Iraq, but had nothing to do with the attack.

Syria again in the usa's sights

Hariri becomes a national symbol. Image: al-Jazeera

But even with the best will in the world, useful motives for the Lebanese government and the rude Syrian brother are not to be discovered. Rafik Hariri was not an apologetic opponent of Syria. The billionaire was first and foremost a businessman, always openly loving all sides. Nor was he, like Walid Jumblatt, a poster boy for the opposition front against President Emile Lahoud. Rafik Hariri stayed in the background and always played his own game, not that of the others.

Syria is an inconvenient country for the United States, which pursues an independent political course and allows itself to be diverted from it as little as possible. Syria supports Palestine and Hezbollah and obstructs as little as possible the struggle of the Iraqis "Insurgent" in Iraq. The presence of the USA in the Middle East has also increased the influence of Syria. After the attack, Syria and Iran announced closer cooperation in response to U.S. prere. U.S. drones allegedly spy on Iran’s nuclear facilities, Iran has declared it will deport them Russia, despite Israel’s veto, will supply new missiles to the former little brother of the crude socialist Soviet Union.

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