Political turmoil in mexico

Calderon was elected president in a surprise coup, Obrador announced further resistance, future conflicts are foreseeable

Yesterday, in the militarily cordoned-off parliament, conservative Felipe Calderon succeeded in taking his oath of office. Calderon had already been secretly cured as president the night before. He surprised his opponents, however, when he entered the parliament through the back door and completed the ceremony in only four minutes. Since Tuesday, opponents and supporters of Calderon have occupied the podium, and again there was prudishness yesterday. The opposition candidate who was proclaimed the counter-president had mobilized his supporters to the central square of the capital to lead a peaceful demonstration. The dispute has not been resolved, and further conflicts are inevitable as the gap between rich and poor in the country continues to widen.

Political turmoil in mexico

What is happening these days in Mexico on the political stage has little to do with what is called democracy. Since Tuesday, the situation in the parliament escalated, when the parliamentarians of Calderon’s "Party of National Action" (PAN) stormed onto the podium in order to show the followers of the left-wing coalition led by "Party of the Democratic Revolution" (PRD) ahead of time. The PAN feared they could again occupy the podium to prevent Calderon’s inauguration, as they had briefly prevented ex-president Vicente Fox from being held accountable (Calderon on his way to the presidency in Mexico).

Surprised, the left-wing parliamentarians also rushed out and were met with punches and kicks from the conservatives. But that didn’t stop them, and eventually both groups occupied the podium for days until yesterday’s Friday. The embarrassing event, broadcast live to households, went so far as to negotiate a truce. The "Non-Aggression Pact," however, was limited to Friday 8 a.m. (2 p.m. CET). For the conservatives had announced that they would push through the inauguration of their candidate just as the left had announced that they would prevent it.

So the situation escalated again yesterday morning. The deputies of both camps hit each other in the parliament and threw chairs at each other. Parliamentarians from the left-wing coalition tried to block the gates. Inside, lists were circulated to determine whether a quorum of more than 300 of the 628 parliamentarians would. Once that was secured, Calderon was heavily guarded by bodyguards and smuggled through a back entrance into the San Lazaro Parliament. There, he fast-forwarded through the act of. In less than five minutes, he took his oath, the national anthem was sung, and the new president was escorted out of the building. Also present were a few guests of honor who had traveled to the swearing-in ceremony. The left was caught off guard, apparently no longer expecting Calderon to come. Because he had himself already at midnight, in a ceremony kept secret in the apron, to the Prasident kuren lassen. In front of selected guests and guarded by a lot of military, the ex-president Vicente Fox had given his presidential cloak and handed it to Calderon in the presidential palace "Los Pinos" . He had then called for overcoming the political divide during the televised act. "I am not ignoring the complexity of the political situation or our political differences of opinion", he said. Nevertheless, now was the time to settle the dispute.

"Counter-president" speaks of "coup d’etat"

While the parliamentarians were in a tussle, the counter-president Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO), who was appointed by the left-wing coalition, once again gathered countless supporters in the capital’s central square. On the Zocalo, the "legitimate president" Calderon again "Election fraud" in front of. He recalled that he had proposed the supplementary payment of votes in order to eliminate doubts in the extremely close election results. He called Calderon’s introduction a "coup d’etat" "Coup d’etat". There will be no political normalization and no negotiations until the country becomes a "Democracy has returned", he announced further mass protests.

political turmoil in mexico

Opposition protest. Image: AMLO

Obrador then led a demonstration to the National Auditorium, where Calderon swore in his cabinet and gave a first speech. He urged his followers not to fall for provocations, therefore there should be no violence, "not a painted wall, not a broken window pane". The communication media always tries to push the peaceful movement into a violent corner. "But they sometimes forget the background that we were robbed of the presidency", he said. Obrador stopped the crowd before arriving at Chapultepec Park, which was cordoned off by police to avoid any confrontation.

Meanwhile, in the National Auditorium at the swearing-in of his cabinet, Calderon called on the opposition to negotiate: "Today we should settle our differences and put the interests of our country first," he said. Calderon announced that he wanted to be the president of all Mexicans and praised the work of his predecessor and party friend Fox.

The embarrassing scenes of the last few days have shown how weak his government is. The people’s representatives have set anything but a good example for the people with their violence in parliament. The fact that a president has to be inaugurated secretly, and that countless people demonstrate peacefully against him, also shows his weakness.

In any case, he governs only with the acquiescence of the former state party "Institutional Revolutionary Party" (PRI). She had ruled Mexico autocratically for over seven decades until 2000. Santiago Creel, coordinator of the senators of Calderon’s PAN, acknowledged that the swearing-in of the president had been planned with the PRI as a general staff. Every senator and congressman had a role to play in this. "You have kept your word and I will keep mine", he announced. He does not say, however, what commitments the PAN has made for the aid.

It is safe to ame that the violent crackdown by security forces in the state of Oaxaca in recent days is part of the pact. The popular movement, which has been demanding the removal of PRI governor Ulisses Ruiz for six months, is now being met with extreme violence by federal police sent from the capital. Following the brutal attack over the weekend, numerous leaders of the popular APPO movement were arrested during the week. Peacefully thousands of demonstrators demanded the release of 171 people yesterday.

With the PRI, Calderon can draw on a wealth of experience in the violent suppression of protests. This week, the ex-president of Tlatelolco, Luis EcheverrIa Alvarez, was indicted for no less than genocide. He is being blamed for the Tlatelolco massacre on 2 May. October 1968 in Mexico City, which claimed the lives of hundreds of students. This massacre, unlike other crimes of the dirty war, is not time-barred, according to the judge in charge.

Thus, an unholy alliance has now formed in Mexico: The PRI has put Calderon in office, and the PAN is helping it to secure its position. Thus the PRI will keep the weak Calderon, whose PAN has no majority of its own, as long as he behaves accordingly. Under these circumstances, the case against EcheverrIa could hardly have any chance of success. That yesterday also released the police officers in Oaxaca allegedly involved in the murder of Indymedia journalist Brad Will also does not point in a good direction.

Half of the population is poor, 20 families dominate the country

However, this alliance is unlikely to succeed in keeping the lid on the powder keg that is Mexico. The discontent with the general policy is not only crystallized in Oaxaca, Chiapas or in the capital city. In the states of Guerrero and Puebla, too, there are seething. Above all, the economic misery in the country will ensure that the protests will not wear off.

The State Secretariat for Development (Sedesol) has just presented figures that show that there is no development in Mexico. According to the data, the number of poor people has grown to 47 million in the six years of the Fox administration. That’s seven million more than before his election victory in 2000. On closer inspection, the Secretariat actually shows almost 54 million people whose income is insufficient to meet the minimum requirements for food, health care, education and housing. This is half of the entire population. Under PRI President Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1988-1994), that was only about half as many people. The impoverishment of broad sections of the population is particularly astonishing, because Mexico has also recorded high revenues in recent years due to the extreme increase in the price of oil. But they do not benefit the population.

So it is obvious that the rich in the country are getting richer and richer. The daily Jornada quoted from a report by the World Bank and the UN Development Organization that makes this trend clear. The report is to be published next week, writes the Jornada: "Currently the powerful groups profit from the status quo." they were making gross profits at the expense of momentum and growth. The report identifies "a group of 20 families", which were "Mexican multimillionaires" were designated. Instead of five percent of gross domestic product (GDP), at the beginning of Fox’s presidency, they had now expanded their wealth to six percent of GDP.

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